If cars could talk, accident

Abstract: Cars seemed to be the leading caused of death  in the western world, so why  are car accidents happening?  This might be that we are constantly been distracted – answering smart devices, taking eyes of the road or other human errors. In this  reference TED Talks examined  existing and future technology, and the ways its could help us (human) improve as well as discussing ethical considerations such as privacy.

In the future cars will be able to exchange data with each other, seeing other cars or having a 360 degree bird eye view. We would be able to see how fast a particular car is travelling – velocity.

If cars could talk, accident may be avoidable

With the aid of car computation, algorithm and predictive models. “We will be able to see the future. You may think that is impossible. How could you predict the future, with cars, they are three dimensional object, that it, its has fixed position and velocity.” The explanation given was that existing cars often travel down the road and often travel along published roads, and is not often is really hard to make reasonable prediction on where the car is going to be in the near future. How do we get there? We can start by sharing our GPS position in cars and  with computer vision we can estimate where the car around you and speed.

What would happened if two cars started sharing data ? Its would be possible to see the car ahead of you.

Computer Vision, Professor Bob Lion:  “Driver state modelling, attached short radio communication, Robot tracking each other positions.some problems were identify  such as too much chatter hence you have to protect the package. How best to alert the drivers, this depends on two things, the ability of the car and the ability of the driver. If one guy have a f=great car but not paying attention, they are not in the best position to react to emergency. They then start the second stage of the research call Drive State Modelling: now using a series of three cars, they  can now detect whether the drive is looking forward, sideway or paying attention, and from the research result they can predict the accident, who or what is the best car to move out of the way – to calculate the safest way out for everyone.

Fundamentally this technology exist for today and the biggest problem is out own wiliness to share data, fearing about cars that will be watching us (privacy) and talking to each other cars (big data).

“I believe it can be done in a way that protect our privacy. Just like right now if I look at your car from outside,  I read do not know much about you. If  I look at your license plate number, I real do not know about you. I believe our cars can talk about us behind our back. I think is going to be a great thing. I want you to consider for a moment, if you real do not want a distracted teenage behind you to know you are breaking, that you are coming to a death stop. By sharing our data willing, we could do what is best for everyone. So let your cars ghost about you, is going to make the road a lot safer.” — Jennifer Healey

Source: Healey Jennifer, TED Talks Technology (2013)If cars could talk, accident may be avoidable. TED Channel [Youtube], Available: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bmFhWr693is, (Accessed: 15 October 2013)

4D Printing

This is a very interesting TEDTalks Technology, presenter by Skylar Tibbits. Some of the main observation how to program physical materials to built themselves and also to be able to  program physical and biological materials to change shapes, change properties and even computes outside of silicon base matter.  A software call caDNAno, that allows you (users) to design 3 dimensional shapes like nano robotics or drug delivery system and use DNA to assembly those functional structures. He basically referring to human skills and shortage  of nano skill technology such as in the Construction and manufacturing industry. In water pipes will have fixed water capacity, if any things changes in the physical environment , the group moves will have to start from starch and take them out and replaced them.A Programe materials that build themselves. A self assembly structures. A definition of Self-Assembly is a process by which  disordered parts build an ordered structure through only local interaction.

What do we need to do this at human skills, we need simple materials. First we need materials and Geometry, that need to be tightly couple with the energy source and you can used passive energy such as Heat, shaking, gravity and then you need smart design interaction, interaction design for error correction,  allow the shape to goes from one stage to another.

  • The project call “The self folding proteins-takes 3d structure of the protein – tencge model of the proteins..trans into 2d.
  • 3d Autonomous self-Assembly: Automonous part that could come together on there own.
  • Self-Assembly line: An installation that build an installation. The idea is could we self -assembly objects
  • 4D Printing Multiple material:
  • Project cyborg., used for NANO-MIT ,program, tram formation
  • The self-Assembly lab in MIT,extreme environment, too dangerous,
    • Infrastructure- Working with Geosyntech, that is developing a new paradigm for piping. Imaging a water pipes could expand and contract.

Source:Skylar Tibbits at TEDTalks LongBeach California (2013): The emergence of 4D Printing, Available: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0gMCZFHv9v8, (Accessed: 20 November 2013)

Making Wearable Technology

Camille Baker, who is a media artist, curator and researcher, currently lecturing at Brunel University. She gave a compelling talk on ‘Hacking the Body’, a project that looks at the convergence of biosensors, wearable technology and performance. Her research looks at repurposing hacked data from sensors on around the body for performance and installation. Camille also showed some other examples of research, such as the Phillips SKIN project, which looks at emotional sensing via ‘soft technology’ garments.

Alex Glowask who is a curious Hacker and Maker from San Francisco, she gave a great talk about ‘NFC (Near Field Communication) for Wearables’. Alex compared the technologies of RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) and NFC for using in wearable tech, plus also gave some info on other tech such as Bluetooth and QR codes. The highlight of Alex’s talk (for me) was a user case and video demonstrating her Cheer Follower fitness tracker which uses NFC – I’m looking forward to hearing news on how this exciting project progresses.

Wearable Technology – Google Glass

Abstract: This is an extract from  TED blog and  TEDTalks Technology conference exploring the usage of  a Wearable Technology such as Google Glass  and the implication for the fashion industry. How will this new product (Glass) affect customers  perspectives and the industry as a whole. How will the new next revolution in wearable technology, could be a game charger. What are the implications of Google Glass Project for prescription lenses and others?

Google’s target clientele is the general public, but it doesn’t hurt to have fashion heavyweights like Diane von Furstenberg as endorsers. Von Furstenberg incorporated Glass into her show at New York Fashion Week last year and has been a strong advocate of the frames. As she toldThe New York Timesaccessories “tell someone that extra bit about you, and I think to wear Glass is to show that you are engaged, you are current, you are open to new things.” In other words: Glass can be a fashion statement.

Another extract from TED Talks, Posted by: Elizabeth Jacobs September 12, 2013 at 2:48 pm EST

“The arm mount will fit Google Glass perfectly, and it will be available in a number of colours that will match Glass colours,”  Tim Moore  from Google Glass explorer Team said.

“One of the first wearable technology items Rochester Optical will be producing are custom prescription, fashion, and sport lenses for Google Glass, available for purchase in early 2014.”

Sources for wearable technology:




Writing a qualitative research questions

According to Miles and Huberman (1994), who recommended that researchers write “no more than a dozen qualitative research questions in all  (central and subquestions).  The subquestions,  in turn, can become specific questions used during interviews ( or in observing or when looking at documents). In developing an interview protocol or guide, the researcher might ask an ice breaker question at the beginning, for example, followed by five or subquestions in the study. The interview would then end with an additional wrap-up or summary question or ask”. See “Who should I turn to, to learn more about this topic?? ( Asmusse & Creswell, 1995).

  • “Ask one or two central  questions followed by by no more than five to seven sub-questions. Several subquestions follows each general central question; the subquestion narrow the focus of the study but leave open the questioning “.
  • “Relate the central question to the specific qualitative strategy of inquiry.”
  • “Begin the research questions with the words what or how to convey an open and emerging design.”
  • ” Focus on a single phenomenon or concept: To begin a study  with a single focus to explore in great details:
  • “Use exploratory verbs that convey the language of emerging design. These verbs tell that the study will:
    • Discover (e.g grounded theory)
    • Seek to understand (e.g ethnography)
    • Explore a process  (e.g case study)
    • Describe the experiences (e.g phenomenology)
    • Report the stories (e.g narrative research)
  • “Use these more exploratory verbs that are nondirectional rather than directional words that suggest  quantitative research, such as “affect”, “influence”, “impact”, “determine”, “cause” and “relate.”
  • “Expect the research the questions to evolve and change during the study in a manner consistent  with the assumptions of an emerging design”.
  • “Use open-ended questions without reference to the literature or theory unless otherwise indicated by a qualitative strategy of inquiry.”
  • “Specify the participants and the research site for the study. If the information has not yet been given.”

John W.Creswell:Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approches  (2009), SAGE Pub, Pg 129-133.

Introduction and Reviewing a Research

“The introduction establishes the issue or concern leading to the research by conveying information about a problem….. The introduction needs to create reader interest in the topic, establish the problem that leads to the study, place the study witihin the larger context of scholarly literature, and reach out to a specific audience. ”

An introduction is to justify the importance of the study and to create distinctions between past studies and the proposed one. This may be called “setting the research problem within the ongoing dialogue in the literature”.

“A researcher do not want to conduct a study that replicates exactly  what someone else has studied, also new studies need to add to the literature or to extend or retest  has studied”.

Creswell, John W. (2009)Research Design: Qualitative, quantitate, and mixed methods approaches , SAGE  publisher 3rd ed Pg  97-98- 105